Art Page


    Ms. Bauer




    The Academic Standards for the Arts and Humanities describe what students should know and be able to do at the end of grades 3, 5, 8 and 12 in the visual and performing arts and the understanding about humanities context within the arts. The arts include dance, music, theatre and visual arts.  The arts and the humanities are interconnected through the inclusion of history, criticism and aesthetics.  In addition, the humanities include literature and language, philosophy, social studies and world languages.  The areas encompassed in the humanities such as jurisprudence, comparative religions and ethics are included among other standards documents.  The interconnected arts and humanities areas are divided into these standards categories:

         9.1.   Production, Performance and Exhibition of Dance, Music, Theatre and Visual Arts
         9.2.   Historical and Cultural Contexts
         9.3.   Critical Response
         9.4.   Aesthetic Response

    The Academic Standards for the Arts and Humanities define the content for planned instruction that will result in measurable gains for all students in knowledge and skills and provide a basis of learning for continued study in the arts.  The unifying themes of production, history, criticism and aesthetics are common to each area of study within the Academic Standards in the Arts and Humanities.

    " Dance Education is a kinesthetic art form that satisfies the human need to respond to life experiences through movement of the physical being.
    " Music Education is an aural art form that satisfies the human need to respond to life experiences through singing, listening and/or playing an instrument.
    " Theatre Education is an interdisciplinary art form that satisfies the human need to express thoughts and feelings through written text, dramatic interpretation and multimedia production.
    " Visual Arts Education is a spatial art form that satisfies the human need to respond to life experiences through images, structures and tactile works.
    " Humanities Education is the understanding and integration of human thought and accomplishment.


    Knowledge of the Academic Standards for the Arts and Humanities incorporates carefully developed and integrated components:

    " Application of problem solving skills
    " Extensive practice in the comprehension of basic symbol systems and abstract concepts
    " Application of technical skills in practical production and performance
    " Comprehension and application of the creative process
    " Development and practice of creative thinking skills
    " Development of verbal and nonverbal communication skills


    These standards provide the targets essential for success in student learning in arts and humanities.  They describe the expectations for students' achievement and performance throughout their education in Pennsylvania schools. Utilizing these standards, school entities can develop a local school curriculum that will meet their students' needs.

    The arts represent society's capacity to integrate human experience with individual creativity.  Comprehensive study of the arts provides an opportunity for all students to observe, reflect and participate both in the arts of their culture and the cultures of others. Sequential study in the arts and humanities provides the knowledge and the analytical skills necessary to evaluate and critique a media-saturated culture. An arts education contributes to the development of productive citizens who have gained creative and technological knowledge necessary for employment in the 21st Century.

    9.1 Production, Performance and Exhibition of Dance, Music, Theatre and Visual Arts
    A. Elements and Principles in each Art Form
    B. Demonstration of Dance, Music, Theatre and Visual Arts
    C. Vocabulary Within each Art Form
    D. Styles in Production, Performance and Exhibition
    E. Themes in Art Forms
    F. Historical and Cultural Production, Performance and Exhibition
    G. Function and Analysis of Rehearsals and Practice Sessions
    H. Safety Issues in the Arts
    I. Community Performances and Exhibitions
    J. Technologies in the Arts
    K. Technologies in the Humanities

    9.2 Historical and Cultural Contexts
    A. Context of Works in the Arts
    B. Chronology of Works in the Arts
    C. Styles and Genre in the Arts
    D. Historical and Cultural Perspectives
    E. Historical and Cultural Impact on Works in the Arts
    F. Vocabulary for Historical and Cultural Context
    G. Geographic regions in the arts
    H. Pennsylvania artists
    I. Philosophical context of works in the arts
    J. Historical differences of works in the arts
    K. Traditions within works in the arts
    L. Common themes in works in the Arts

    9.3 Critical Response
    A. Critical Processes
    B. Criteria
    C. Classifications
    D. Vocabulary for Criticism
    E. Types of Analysis
    F. Comparisons
    G. Critics in the Arts

    9.4 Aesthetic Response
    A. Philosophical Studies
    B. Aesthetic Interpretation
    C. Environmental Influences
    D. Artistic Choices